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Despite effective policies and measures against all forms of torture on its territory, Canada is still facing many challenges. The inmate population growth has been exclusively driven by increases in the rate of incarceration of members of indigenous peoples and other minority groups, including Asian, Latin American and Black offenders, leading to them being overrepresented in the prison population. The administrative segregation in the case of solitary confinement disproportionately affects indigenous inmates, especially women, and Black inmates. Furthermore, despite laws and national plans adopted in response of this situation, girls, women and native two-spirited people still face violence and abuse including murders and disappearances. The situation of children who are placed in immigration detention and who have no independent right of review of their detention is also a serious challenge for Canada. The OMCT and its SOS-Torture Network are monitoring reports of violence against these minority groups.