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Urgent Interventions

Indonesia: Kidnapping of a Human Rights defender


IDN 002/1202/OBS 068
4th December 2002

The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, a joint programme of FIDH and OMCT, requests your URGENT intervention in the following situation in Indonesia.

Brief description of the situation :

The Observatory has been informed by the Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) that on 30th November, Mr. Musliadi, coordinator of KaGEMPAR was kidnapped from his office in Lampriet by six men suspected to belong to the armed forces. His whereabouts still remains unknown.

KaGEMPAR is a coalition of students and youth groups based in West Aceh aimed at promoting human rights and providing humanitarian aid to human rights victims in the Aceh area which has been active in advocating human rights among students and the public. The coalition reports human rights violations committed by the Indonesian army in Aceh. The kidnapping of Mr. Musliadi occurs in a particularly tense moment as the GAM (Gerakan Aceh Merdeka – Free Aceh Mouvement), celebrates its 26th anniversary on December 4th and peace talks will be held in Geneva between GAM and the Indonesian government on December 9th.

Since 1976, the province of Aceh has been the scene of continuous fights between the GAM, who claims for its independence and the security forces sent by the State which have caused numerous victims among the civil population and serious human rights violations such as disappearances, extra judicial killings, and burnings. Several sources hold the Security forces responsible of the large majority of human rights abuses. Due to this tense situation, human rights organisations like KaGEMPAR, that are mobilizing to denounce the situation of impunity which prevails in the region, have become a major target of repression.

The Observatory expresses its serious concern for the safety of Mr. Musliadi.
The Observatory fears that his kidnapping is linked to his involvement in human rights monitoring activities and aimed at dissuading him and his organisation to carry out their work.

Action requested:

Please write to the Indonesian authorities urging them to:

1. Find the whereabouts of Mr. Musliadi, guarantee his security and physical integrity in all circumstances and take all the measures to release him immediately

2. Order an immediate investigation into this attack, in order to identify those responsible, bring them to trial and apply the penal, civil and/or administrative sanctions as provided by law; arrest, charge and bring to court the perpetrators of the attack;

3. Put an end to all forms of harassment and threats all human rights defenders and their organisations in Indonesia;

4. Conform with the provisions of the Declaration on Human Rights Defenders adopted by the UN General Assembly on December 9, 1998, in particular its article 1 which provides that “every person has the right, individually or collectively, to promote the protection and fulfilment of human rights and fundamental liberties at the national and international level and article 12(2) which states that « The State shall take all necessary measures to ensure the protection by the competent authorities of everyone, individually and in association with others, against any violence, threats, retaliation, de facto or de jure adverse discrimination, pressure or any other arbitrary action as a consequence of his or her legitimate exercise of the rights referred to in the present declaration. »;

5. More generally abide by the Universal declaration on Human Rights and Covenants and international Conventions ratified by Indonesia.


- Mrs. Megawati Sukarnoputri, President, Republic of Indonesia, Presidential Palace, Jakarta Istana Negara, Indonesia; Fax: + 6221 345 7782

- Mr. Marsillam Simandjuntak, SH, Attorney General of Indonesia , Attorney General's Office
Jakarta, Indonesia; Fax: +6221 720 8557

- Mr. Ihza Mahendra Yusril, Minister of Justice and Human Rights, Uahi Utoyo Usman S.H., Menteri Kehkiman, JI. H.R. Rosuna Said Kav. 6-7, Kuningan, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia
Fax: + 6221 525 3095

- Gen. Surojo Bimantoro, National Chief of Police, Jl. Trunojoyo, No. 3 Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia
Fax: + 6221 720 7277


Geneva - Paris, 4th December 2002

Kindly inform the Observatory of any action undertaken, quoting the code number of this appeal in your reply.

The Observatory, a joint FIDH and OMCT venture, is dedicated to the protection of Human Rights Defenders and aims to offer them concrete support in their time of need.

To contact the Observatory, call the Emergency Line: Fax : 33 (0) 1 55 80 83 92
Tel. : FIDH 33 (0) 1 43 55 20 11 OMCT : + 41 22 809 49 39
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