State Reporting (article 19)
The State reporting procedure is a compulsory monitoring mechanism under the Convention. A State party must submit an initial report within one year of the treaty coming into force for that State. Thereafter, as required by the CAT Convention, the CAT Committee requests reports every four years.
Civil society participation is vital for the effective functioning of the State Reporting Procedure. At various stages of the procedure, civil society organisations are invited to inform the CAT about the reality on the ground.
Please find here a guide for civil society organisations on how and when to engage with the CAT in the reporting cycle.
Inquiry procedure (article 20)
The CAT may undertake a confidential inquiry if it receives credible information indicating that torture is being systematically practiced in a State party. However, no inquiry can be take place if the State party has declared that it does not recognize the competence of the Committee provided for under article 20. Upon completion of the inquiry, and after consultation with the State party concerned, the CAT either includes a summary of the results in its annual report or, if the State party agrees, publicizes the full text of the report. The CAT has carried out ten inquiries since its establishment.
Considering inter-State communications (article 21)
A State Party may submit a communication to the Committee alleging that another State Party is not fulfilling its obligations under the Convention against Torture. This provision is applicable only when both States parties have specifically recognized the competence of the Committee in this area. To date, no Inter-State complaint has been submitted to the CAT.
Considering individual communications (article 22)
If a State party to the Convention against Torture makes a declaration under article 22, individuals may submit complaints regarding violations of the Convention by that State to the CAT. For detailed information on the Individual Complaints Procedure, see OMCT’s Handbook “Seeking Remedies for Torture Victims”.
Adoption of General Comments
The CAT has adopted four General Comments clarifying the scope and meaning of various articles of the Convention and the obligations of State parties.