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Philippines
03.05.18
Urgent Interventions

Arbitrary arrest, judicial harassment, and imminent deportation of Sister Patricia Fox

URGENT APPEAL - THE OBSERVATORY

PHL 003 / 0518 / OBS 056

Arbitrary arrest / Release /

Obstacles to freedom of movement

Philippines

May 3, 2018

The Observatory for the Protection ofHuman Rights Defenders, a partnership of the World Organisation Against Torture(OMCT) and FIDH, requests your urgent intervention in the following situationin the Philippines.

Briefdescription of the information:

The Observatoryhas been informed by reliable sources about the arbitrary arrest, judicialharassment, and imminent deportation ofSister Patricia Fox,an Australian nun who has lived in the Philippines for almost 30 years, and isknown as an advocate for agricultural workers, indigenous peoples, urban poorand peasants’ rights[1].



Accordingto the information received, on April 16, 2018, at around 2:30 pm, sixuniformed intelligence officers from the Bureau of Immigration visited SisterPatricia’s missionary home in Project 3, QuezonCity, Metro Manila. The officersthen “invited” her to the Bureau of Immigration for a random check andverification of her immigration papers and status. The officers showed Sister Patricia an order”but did not provide her with a copy of the document.

Afterarriving at the Bureau of Immigration office in Manila at around 4:00 pm, theofficers provided a Miranda warning to Sister Patricia andtold her she was under arrest for “illegal political activities”. They alsotold her that she was an “undesirable alien”, and that she would be detainedovernight and deported the following day. No documents indicating the chargeswere provided to her. She was released in the afternoon the following day andgiven 10 days to respond with a counter-affidavit.

OnApril 18, 2018, President Rodrigo Duterte announced that he had personallyordered Sister Patricia be investigated for alleged “disorderly conduct”. It isbelieved that Sister Patricia’s arrest was a result of her participation in recent rallies demanding the release of political prisoners and urgingPhilippine authorities to respect human rights. On April 6-9,2018, she also visited detained farmers in TagumCity, Davao del Norte Province, and workers on strike as part of anInternational Fact-Finding and Solidarity Mission (IFFSM) conducted by humanrights and farmers’ organizations in Mindanao. The purposeof the IFFSM was to investigate human rights violations under Martial Law.

OnApril 25, 2018, the Bureau of Immigration issuedan order based on Section 9 of the Philippine Immigration Act of 1940,forfeiting Sister Patricia’s missionary visa and downgrading it to a temporaryvisa, as a result of having “engaged in activities that are not allowed underthe terms and conditions of her visa”. The Bureau of Immigration also orderedher to leave the country within 30 days.

The Observatory stronglycondemns the arbitrary arrest and deportation order against Sister Patricia,which is an attempt by the Philippine Government to prevent her from continuingher work as a human rights defender, and particularly aims at sanctioning herdefence of the rights of peasants, indigenous peoples, and the urban poor inthe country.

The Observatory urges theGovernment of the Philippines to reconsider its decision and to allow SisterPatricia to continue working tosupport local communities in the country.

The Observatory further recallswith grave concern the increasingly hostile environment and surge of attacksagainst human rights defenders in the Philippines under President Duterte.

Actions requested:

Please write tothe authorities in the Philippines, urging them to:

i. Allow Sister Patricia Fox to stay in the Philippines and continue tocarry out her human rights activities;

ii. Guarantee, in all circumstances, the physical and psychologicalintegrity of all human rights defenders in the Philippines;

iii. Put an end to all forms of harassment against Sister Patricia, as well as all humanrights defenders in the Philippines, and ensure in all circumstances that theyare able to carry out their legitimate activities without any hindrance andfear of reprisals;

iv. Conform with the provisions of the UN Declaration on Human RightsDefenders, adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on December 9,1998, especially its Articles 1 and 12.2;

v. Ensure in all circumstances respect for human rights and fundamentalfreedoms in accordance with international human rights standards andinternational instruments ratified by the Philippines.

Addresses:

· H.E.Rodrigo Duterte, President of the Republic of the Philippines, Fax: (+632)742-1641 / 929-3968, E-mail: op@president.gov.ph or send message throughhttp://president.gov.ph/contact-us/

· Mr.Alan Peter Cayetano, Secretary, Department of Foreign Affairs of thePhilippines, Email: osec@dfa.gov.ph,Twitter: @alanpcayetano

· Hon.Menardo Guevarra, Secretary, Department of Justice of the Philippines, Fax:(+632) 521-1614, Email: communications@doj.gov.ph

· Hon.Jose Luis Martin Gascon, Chairperson, Commission on Human Rights of thePhilippines, Fax: (+632) 929 0102, Email: chairgascon.chr@gmail.com

· Mr. Jaime Morente, Commissioner,Bureau of Immigration, Philippines, Fax: (+632) 309-7752,mail: binoc_immigration@hotmail.com, xinfo@immigration.gov.ph,immigPH@gmail.com,Twitter: @immigrationPH

· H.E.Mr. Evan P. Garcia, Ambassador, Permanent Mission of the Philippines to theUnited Nations Office in Geneva, Switzerland, Fax: +41 22 716 19 32 Email:mission@genevapm.ph

· Embassyof the Philippines in Brussels, Belgium, Fax: (+32) 02 345 64 25, E-mail: brusselspe@gmail.com

Pleasealso write to the diplomatic mission or embassy of the Philippines located inyour country.

***

Geneva-Paris, May 3, 2018

Kindly inform us of any action undertakenquoting the code of this appeal in your reply.

TheObservatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders (the Observatory) wascreated in 1997 by the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) and FIDH. Theobjective of this programme is to prevent or remedy situations of repressionagainst human rights defenders. OMCT and FIDH are both members of ProtectDefenders.eu, theEuropean Union Human Rights Defenders Mechanism implemented by internationalcivil society.

To contact the Observatory, call theemergency line:

E-mail: Appeals@fidh-omct.org

Tel and fax OMCT + 41 (0) 22 809 49 39/ + 41 22 809 49 29

Tel and fax FIDH: + 33 (0) 1 43 55 2518 / +33 1 43 55 18 80

[1]Sister Patrica, 71, is an Australian citizen who has held a missionary visa forthe Philippines since the 1990s and has been conducting community service aspart of her missionary work in the country. An advocate of genuine agrarianreform and human rights, Sr. Patricia has joined the activities of the Unyon ngmga Manggagawa sa Agrikultura (UMA) and Pagkakaisa para sa Tunay na RepormangAgraryo (PATRIA), including recent international fact-finding and solidaritymissions in Mindanao that probed the impact of the declaration of martial lawby the Duterte administration and its counterinsurgency programme, OplanKapayapaan, on poor peasants on the island. Sisterr Patricia is also a staunch advocateof the rights of agricultural workers, including the farmworkers in HaciendaLuisita; the rights of indigenous peoples; and the rights of the urban poor. @font-face { font-family: "Arial";}@font-face { font-family: "Courier New";}@font-face { font-family: "Wingdings";}@font-face { font-family: "Cambria Math";}@font-face { font-family: "Cambria";}@font-face { font-family: "MS Mincho";}p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal { margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; font-size: 12pt; font-family: "Times New Roman"; }p.MsoHeader, li.MsoHeader, div.MsoHeader { margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; font-size: 12pt; font-family: "Times New Roman"; }p.MsoFooter, li.MsoFooter, div.MsoFooter { margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; font-size: 12pt; font-family: "Times New Roman"; }span.MsoFootnoteReference { vertical-align: super; }a:visited, span.MsoHyperlinkFollowed { color: rgb(149, 79, 114); text-decoration: underline; }p { margin: 14pt 0cm; font-size: 12pt; font-family: "Times New Roman"; }span.PieddepageCar { font-family: "Times New Roman"; }span.En-tteCar { font-family: "Times New Roman"; }span.apple-converted-space { }.MsoChpDefault { font-size: 10pt; font-family: Cambria; }div.WordSection1 { }ol { margin-bottom: 0cm; }ul { margin-bottom: 0cm; }

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