URGENT APPEAL - THE OBSERVATORY
KHM 001 / 0820 / OBS 089.2
Arbitrary detention /
August 24, 2021
The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, a partnership of the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) and FIDH, has received new information and requests your urgent intervention in the following situation in Cambodia.
The Observatory has been informed about the conviction of human rights defender Rong Chhun to two years in prison. Mr. Chhun, a prominent labour rights defender, is the President of the Cambodian Confederation of Unions (CCU), and a member of the Cambodian Watchdog Council (CWC).
On August 18, 2021, the Phnom Penh Municipal Court sentenced Rong Chhun to two years in prison and a fine for “incitement to commit a felony or cause social arrest” under Article 495 of the Criminal Code of Cambodia.
Two other human rights activists, Sar Kanika, a member of the youth group Khmer Thavrak and an ex-member of the dissolved Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP), and Ton Nimol were sentenced on the same charge to 20 months in prison and a fine, for publicly calling for Rong Chhun’s release.
Along with a fine of two million riel (approximately 420 Euros) each, the three human rights defenders were also ordered to jointly pay 400 million riel (approximately 83 800 Euros) to the Cambodian Border Affairs Committee, plaintiff in the case, as compensation.
The Observatory recalls that Rong Chhun was arbitrarily arrested at his home in Phnom Penh on July 31, 2020. On August 1, 2020, the Phnom Penh Municipal Court charged him with “incitement to commit a felony or cause social unrest” and ordered his pre-trial detention in Phnom Penh’s Correction Centre 1 (CC1). Rong Chhun’s detention came following several public statements he made on behalf of the CWC in which he reported community land loss as a result of the demarcation of the Cambodia-Vietnam border.
Sar Kanika and Ton Nimol were arbitrarily detained in August 2020, amid a wave of arrests of human rights defenders and activists in relation to their planning of peaceful assemblies that were to take place at Freedom Park in Phnom Penh in September 2020 in order to demand the release of Rong Chhun. The Phnom Penh Municipal Court charged Sar Kanika with “incitement to commit a felony or cause social unrest” and placed her in pre-trial detention in Phnom Penh’s Correction Centre 2 (CC2).
On June 8, 2021, Rong Chhun and Sar Kanika were denied bail by the Phnom Penh Municipal Court, which claimed that the crime for which they were being detained affected social security and was therefore unbailable.
The Observatory further recalls that Hun Vannak, Chhoeun Daravy, Tha Lavy, Koet Saray, and Eng Malai (aka So Metta), members of Khmer Thavrak, as well as Muong Sopheak and Mean Prommony, member and Vice-President of the Khmer Student Intelligent League Association (KSILA), respectively, remain detained on the same charges in relation to the same acts. Their bail application was rejected by the Phnom Penh Municipal Court on May 18, 2021.
The Observatory strongly condemns the ongoing arbitrary detention of the above-mentioned human rights defenders and reiterates its deepest concern about the Cambodian authorities’ systematic legal harassment to target all critical voices, and about the serious deterioration of the human rights situation in the country, including through increasing obstacles to the exercise of the rights to freedom of expression and freedom of peaceful assembly in Cambodia.
The Observatory is further concerned about the risks for the health of all human rights defenders arbitrarily detained in the overcrowded Cambodian prisons and calls on the authorities to immediately take all necessary measures to ensure their access to adequate healthcare and protective equipment, and reduce the prison population through the adoption of non-custodial measures.
The Observatory urges the Cambodian authorities to guarantee the physical integrity and psychological well-being of Rong Chhun, Sar Kanika, Ton Nimol, Hun Vannak, Chhoeun Daravy, Tha Lavy, Koet Saray, Eng Malai (aka So Metta), Muong Sopheak, and Mean Prommony. The Observatory also calls for their immediate and unconditional release, along with the release of all other human rights defenders arbitrarily detained in Cambodia, in order to protect their right to health during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Please write to the authorities of Cambodia to urge them to:
i. Guarantee in all circumstances the physical integrity and psychological well-being of Rong Chhun, Sar Kanika, Ton Nimol, Hun Vannak, Chhoeun Daravy, Tha Lavy, Koet Saray, Eng Malai (aka So Metta), Muong Sopheak, Mean Prommony, and all other human rights defenders in Cambodia;
ii. Immediately and unconditionally release Rong Chhun, Sar Kanika, Ton Nimol, Hun Vannak, Chhoeun Daravy, Tha Lavy, Koet Saray, Eng Malai (aka So Metta), Muong Sopheak, and Mean Prommony since their detention is arbitrary as it seems to be merely aimed at punishing them for their legitimate human rights activities;
iii. Put an end to all acts of harassment - including at the judicial level - against Rong Chhun, Sar Kanika, Ton Nimol, Hun Vannak, Chhoeun Daravy, Tha Lavy, Koet Saray, Eng Malai (aka So Metta), Muong Sopheak, Mean Prommony, and all other human rights defenders in Cambodia, and ensure in all circumstances that they are able to carry out their legitimate activities without any hindrance and fear of reprisals;
iv. Guarantee the rights to freedom of expression, freedom of peaceful assembly, and freedom of association, as enshrined in international human rights law, and particularly in Articles 19, 21, and 22 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
- Mr. Hun Sen, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org / email@example.com
- Mr. Sar Kheng, Minister of Interior and Deputy Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Mr. Kert Rith, Minister of Justice of the Kingdom of Cambodia. Email: email@example.com
- Mr. Prak Sokhon, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Cambodia. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org / email@example.com
- Mr. Keo Remy, President of the Cambodian Human Rights Committee. Fax: +855 12 813781 / +855 23 211162 / +855 23 881045 (c/o Council of Ministers)
- Mr. Ly Chantola, President of the Cambodian Bar Association. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Ms. Agata Nieboj, Focal Point for Human Rights Defenders, Delegation of the European Union to Cambodia. Email: DELEGATION-CAMBODIA-HUMAN-RIGHTS@eeas.europa.eu
- Ambassador Mr. Ney Samol, Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of Cambodia to the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland. Email: email@example.com
Please also write to the diplomatic mission or embassy of Cambodia located in your country.
Geneva-Paris, August 24, 2021
Kindly inform us of any action undertaken quoting the code of this appeal in your reply.
The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders (the Observatory) was created in 1997 by the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) and FIDH. The objective of this programme is to prevent or remedy situations of repression against human rights defenders. OMCT and FIDH are both members of ProtectDefenders.eu, the European Union Human Rights Defenders Mechanism implemented by international civil society.
To contact the Observatory, call the emergency line:
- E-mail: Appeals@fidh-omct.org
- Tel OMCT +41 22 809 49 39
- Tel FIDH + 33 1 43 55 25 18
 The CWC is a coalition of several non-governmental organisations and unions, including the Independent Teachers Association, the Independent Government Workers Association, the Student Movement for Democracy, the Independent Farmers Association and the Free Trade Union of Workers of Kingdom of Cambodia, advocating for human rights and monitoring government activities.
 Khmer Thavarak is a youth group, set up in early 2020, which advocates against social injustices and raises concerns about pressing environmental issues.
- Urgent Interventions
Cambodia: Denial of bail to human rights defenders Rong Chhun and Sar Kanika
- Urgent Interventions
Cambodia: Ongoing arbitrary detention of Khmer Thavrak and Khmer Student Intelligent League Association members
- Urgent Interventions
Arbitrary detention of Messrs. Koet Saray, Mean Prommony, Kong Sam An, Tha Lavy, Muong Sopheak and Ms. Eng Malai