February 22, 2010
The South Caucasus Network of Human Rights Defenders, the Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders (a joint programme of the World Organisation Against Torture - OMCT and the International Federation for Human Rights - FIDH), Human Rights House Foundation, Norwegian Helsinki Committee, Front Line and ARTICLE 19 condemn the pressure and intimidation exerted by Georgian authorities against leading investigative journalist Vakhtang Komakhidze, and denounce a continuous defamation campaign against Mr. Komakhidze.
On February 10, 2010, Mr. Vakhtang Komakhidze, a well-known investigative journalist in Georgia and a member of the South Caucasus Network of Human Rights Defenders, reported to have received death threats from the authorities against him and his family members due to his professional activities. As reported, the threat comes as the Government’s reaction to Mr. Komakhidze’s visit to de facto South Ossetia in December 2009 and the documentary movie concerning the Russia-Georgia war of August 2008, on which Mr. Komakhidze has been working recently.
In December 2009, together with two other representatives of the civil society, Mr. Komakhidze met with South Ossetian NGOs, families affected by the war and Mr. Kokoity, de facto leader of South Ossetia. After the visit, Mr. Komakhidze announced publicly that he was working on a documentary about the Russia-Georgia war of 2008, for which he also gathered materials during his visit to South Ossetia. Mr. Komakhidze highlighted that the documentary would disclose many issues yet unknown to the wide public. For instance, two days before the war, on August 6, the State Minister of Georgia agreed with the de-facto authorities of South Ossetia about the evacuation of the grandmother of Ms. Alana Gagloeva, an employee of the President’s press-service. However, at that time, the Government was leaving the Georgian population completely unprotected, in the hands of the Russian army.
On December 17, 2009, on the same day when Mr. Komakhidze came back to Tbilisi from South Ossetia, high ranking politicians harshly criticised him and his colleagues for this visit. Their criticism was broadcasted in the news programmes by various media outlets. For instance, Mr. Shota Malashkia, one of the ruling party’s leaders, said: “this is a disease not only for Georgia; such persons always existed during the various occupation regimes and their actions there have already been responded by the population after the de-occupation. The same will happen in case of these people [referring to those who visited Tskhinvali on December 16] as well - for some of them it will be a response through [results] in elections and for others from the moral point of view.” Media also referred to them as “betrayers”. Several days later, a stranger stopped Mr. Komakhidze and said that he wanted to warn him against his activities, that it would be better for him and his family not to bother Georgian authorities. He added that the only way out for him and his family would be to leave the country and stop filming.
On January 28, 2010, as Mr. Komakhidze was about to leave Georgia in order to film and interview representatives de facto government of South Ossetia outside the country, six to seven persons sat down next to him at the airport. One of them was the chief of security department. The men started having an aggressive conversation on Mr. Komakhidze, and one of them told him that it would be good for him that he was leaving the country.
On February 9, 2010, Georgian TV channel Real-TV broadcasted a report about Mr. Komakhidze’s private life and professional activities with a clear aim to discredit Mr. Komakhidze and undermine his reputation. The TV report spread incorrect information, saying that in 2004 Mr. Vakhtang Komakhidze worked at the Ministry of Security and had to leave the Ministry because of financial machinations after one year. True fact is that Mr. Komakhidze left the Ministry three months after his appointment cased on his personal wish. The report also accused Mr. Komakhidze of pologamy and tried to portray him as a bad parent.
Accordingly, the South Caucasus Network of Human Rights Defenders, the Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders (OMCT-FIDH), Human Rights House Foundation, Norwegian Helsinki Committee, Front Line and ARTICLE 19 urge the Georgian authorities to:
- Guarantee in all circumstances the physical and psychological integrity of Mr. Vakhtang Komakhidze and his relatives;
- Order a prompt, effective, thorough, independent and impartial investigation into the above-mentioned events, the result of which must be made public, in order to identify all those responsible, bring them before a competent, independent and impartial tribunal and apply to them the penal sanctions as provided by the Constitution and laws of Georgia;
- Put an end to any kind of harassment against Mr. Vakhtang Komakhidze and ensure in all circumstances that journalists and human rights defenders in the country be able to carry out their activities without hindrances;
- Comply with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and international and regional human rights instruments ratified by Georgia.
Our organisations call upon the international community to:
- Urge Georgian authorities to promptly and effectively investigate the incident and bring the perpetrators to justice;
- Urge Georgian authorities to ensure physical and physiological integrity of the family members of Vakhtang Komakhidze;
- Call upon the Georgian authorities to create an environment safe and conducive for critical voices and alternatively minded people in the country;
- Pay close attention to increasing number of persecution and pressure on journalists, NGO representatives and their family members.
Our organisations call upon the Public Defender of Georgia to:
- Ask Georgian authorities to investigate the incident promptly and impartially;
- Remind the authorities about their international human rights obligations.
Note to Editors: Mr. Komakhidze runs an investigative reporting production studio, Studio Reporter, which has produced a number of documentaries exposing grave human rights violations committed or condoned by the Government of Georgia, falsified elections, corruption, political prisoners etc. Among other films, Mr. Komakhidze is an author of a documentary investigating circumstances of Prime Minister Zurab Zhvania’s death five years ago, casting serious doubts over official preliminary conclusions (officially the investigation is still ongoing) that the late Prime Minister died of carbon monoxide poisoning caused by a faulty gas heater. Mr. Komakhidze is a winner of several media awards at the national level.
Since 2008, “Studio Reporter” is a member of the South Caucasus Network of Human Rights Defenders.
In March 2004, Mr. Vakhtang Komakhidze was severely beaten up by police officers in Adjara Autonomous Republic, on his way back to Tbilisi, as he was working on a film about illegal activities carried out by Mr. Aslan Abashidze’s relatives. Mr. Abashidze was the leader of Adjara Autonomous Republic from 1991 to 2004. Despite the fact that some time after the incident Mr. Komakhidze himself identified one of the attackers and reported him to the authorities, the incident has not yet been investigated as up to date.
For further information see:
- A joint statement by Georgian NGOs condemning the smear campaign against human rights defenders which took place in December 2009 in Georgia at http://www.humanrights.ge/index.php?a=article&id=4561&lang=en
- Comments of media experts on the Real-TV media report about Mr. Komakhidze at http://www.humanrights.ge/index.php?a=article&id=4664&lang=en
- South Caucasus Network of Human Rights Defenders: Ana Natsvlishvili: + 995 32 384 648
- OMCT: Delphine Reculeau: + 41 22 809 49 39
- FIDH: Gael Grilhot / Karine Appy: + 33 1 43 55 25 18
- Human Rights House Foundation: Ane Tusvik Bonde, +47 997 43 907
- Norwegian Helsinki Committee: Berit Lindeman, +47 22 47 92 02
- ARTICLE 19, Barbora Bukovska, +44 20 7324 2500
- Front Line: Maria Chichtchenkova, +79258342124
The South Caucasus Network of Human Rights Defenders is a joint initiative of the Human Rights Center (Georgia) and Human Rights House Foundation (Norway) which came into existence in the spring 2009. The Network unites 30 human rights NGOs in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia and seeks to facilitate creation of a safer and enabling environment for human rights defenders in the South Caucasus and to strengthen their voices in the region and internationally. The Network is funded by the EU and the Norwegian MoFA.
The Observatory, a FIDH and OMCT venture, is dedicated to the protection of Human Rights Defenders and aims to offer them concrete support in their time of need. The Observatory was the winner of the 1998 Human Rights Prize of the French Republic.
The Human Rights House Foundation (HRHF) is the secretariat for the Human Rights House Network. It works to protect, strengthen and support human rights organizations and unite them in an international network of Human Rights Houses.
The Norwegian Helsinki Committee is a non-governmental (NGO), non-profit organisation which monitors compliance with the human rights provisions of the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) within all OSCE signatory states and supports initiatives to strengthen democracy and civil society.
ARTICLE 19 is an independent human rights organization that works around the world to protect and promote the right to freedom of expression. It takes its name from Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which guarantees free speech.
Front Line is the International Foundation for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders. Front Line was founded with the specific aim of protecting human rights defenders at risk, people who work, non-violently, for any or all of the rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR).
 The South Caucasus Network of Human Rights Defenders, a new initiative of the Human Rights Center (Georgia) and Human Rights House Foundation (Norway) came into existence in the spring 2009. The Network unites 30 human rights NGOs in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. The Network seeks to facilitate creation of a safer and enabling environment for human rights defenders in the South Caucasus and to strengthen their voices in the region and internationally.
 TV Channel Real-TV was established in 2009. It has a record of being involved in defamatory reporting against critical voices, human rights defenders and alternatively-minded people in Georgia. It is also known among the public for its close ties with the Georgian Government.