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Massive human rights violations take place in Mali and the number of killings of civilians has increased due to the communal violence. The security situation is critical, with armed groups carrying out murderous attacks against civilians, including children. The Malian security forces also committed hundreds of extrajudicial killings, while there are many reports of torture and ill-treatment. Although the International Criminal Court confirmed in 2019 the charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity, including torture, rape, forced marriage and sexual slavery against members of armed groups, few trials have taken place at the national level, and convictions have been even rarer. Many judicial procedures initiated years ago against members of armed groups for sexual violence are still at the investigation stage. The OMCT is particularly concerned about violence against women in the country, whether it is perpetrated in the family, in the community or by public officials.