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Tanzania is not a State party to the Convention against torture and authorities have restricted many human rights. Members of the political opposition or activists are subjected to a harsh repression, including the use of police violence, harassment and intimidation. Many cases show that journalists who criticize Tanzanian politics are charged with non-bailable offences. The country also faces issues inside refugee camps, which have led the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to call the situation « alarming ». Camps, particularly the Nduta camp, are overcrowded, leading to health and safety risks. Another result is that the authorities are unable to prevent or adequately respond to sexual and gender-based violence.