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Kyrgyzstan
07.11.22
Urgent Interventions

Kyrgyzstan: Ongoing judicial harassment against anti-corruption activist Bolot Temirov

URGENT APPEAL - THE OBSERVATORY

KGZ 001 / 0322 / OBS 013.1
Acquittal /
Judicial harassment /
Administrative harassment
Kyrgyzstan
November 7, 2022

The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, a partnership of the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) and the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), has received new information and requests your urgent intervention in the following situation in Kyrgyzstan.

New information:
The Observatory has been informed about the ongoing judicial harassment of investigative journalist Bolot Temirov. Mr Temirov is the founder of “Temirov Live”, a YouTube channel in which he reports on cases of state corruption.

On October 27, 2022, the General Prosecutor's Office filed an appeal against the acquittal of Mr Temirov, who had been previously tried in a trumped-up case and partially acquitted. The case concerned charges of “illegal possession of drugs”, “illegal border crossing” and “document forgery” (Article 283.1, Article 378.1 and Article 379 of the Criminal Code of Kyrgyzstan, respectively).

On September 28, 2022, the Sverdlovsk District Court in Bishkek partially acquitted Mr. Temirov, finding the first two charges unproven and the investigation biased. The court, however, found Mr. Temirov guilty of “documents forgery”, but no punishment was imposed due to the expiration of the statute of limitations.

Mr Temirov has also appealed his conviction on the charge of “document forgery”.

The Observatory recalls that on January 22, 2022, the police raided the YouTube channel office in Bishkek, seized equipment that contained journalistic investigations, planted a bag of drugs into Mr Temirov’s pocket and arbitrarily arrested him. Mr Temirov was subsequently charged with “illegal possession of drugs”. He was released on bail the day after with instruction not to leave the city. This measure will remain in force until the appeal is resolved.

On April 20, 2022, Bishkek city police presented new charges against Mr Temirov, including “illegal crossing of the state border” , and “forgery of documents”, as they claimed he used false documents to obtain a Kyrgyz passport in 2008. A month later, on May 17, 2022, the Kyrgyz passport of Mr. Temirov was recognised as void by the Ministry of Interior. At the time of publication of this Urgent Appeal, he did not possess a valid Kyrgyz passport.

The Observatory underlines that the judicial and administrative harassment of Bolot Temirov seem to be in retaliation for the publication of an investigation on his channel about the alleged involvement of the family of Kamchybek Tashiev, the head of the State Committee for National Security, in a corruption case. Other team members of the channel “TemirovLive are subject to threats, surveillance, smear campaigns and other forms of harassment.

The Observatory underlines that since President Sadyr Japarov came into power, in October 2020, despite repeated statements from the authorities on the importance of the preservation of freedom of speech and its invaluable role in combatting corruption, the climate for freedom of expression and assembly in Kyrgyzstan has been deteriorating and has created fear among human rights groups and defenders.

The Observatory welcomes the acquittal of Bolot Temirov, but condemns the ongoing administrative and judicial harassment against him, as they seem to be merely aimed at silencing and punishing him for exercising his right to freedom of expression. The Observatory urges the authorities to put an immediate end to all forms of harassment, including at the judicial and administrative levels, against him and all human rights defenders in Kyrgyzstan.

The Observatory further urges the Kyrgyz authorities to carry out an immediate and thorough investigation into the alleged use of forged evidence against Bolot Temirov.

Actions requested:
Please write to the authorities of Kyrgyzstan asking them to:

  1. Quash the sentence against Bolot Temirov and put an end to all forms of harassment, including at the judicial and administrative levels, against him, the other members of Temirov Live, and all human rights defenders in Kyrgyzstan;
  2. Reissue a valid Kyrgyz passport to Bolot Temirov, as it was annulled as a reprisal for his legitimate human rights work;
  3. Carry out a transparent, impartial, immediate and thorough investigation into the acts of surveillance against and alleged planting of drugs on Bolot Temirov, in order to hold those responsible accountable and provide the victims with effective remedies;
  4. Ensure that human rights defenders and human rights organisations in Kyrgyzstan are able to carry out their legitimate activities without any hindrance and fear of reprisals.

Addresses:

  • Mr. Ulan Niyazbekov, Minister of Internal Affairs, Kyrgyzstan, Email: secretariat@mvd.kg;
  • Mr. Ayaz Bayetov, Minister of Justice, Kyrgyzstan, Email: ep@minjust.gov.kg;
  • Permanent Mission of Kyrgyzstan to the United Nations in Geneva, Email: kyrgyzmission@bluewin.ch;
  • Embassy of Kyrgyzstan in Brussels, Belgium, Email: kgembassy.be@mfa.gov.kg ;
  • Ms. Atyr Abdrakhmatova, Kyrgyz Republic Akyikatchy (Ombudsman), Email: ombudsman@inbox.ru;
  • Ms. Marilyn Josefson, Head of the EU Delegation to the Kyrgyz Republic, Marilyn.josefson@eeas.europa.eu;
  • Human Rights Focal Point, Liaison Officer for human rights defenders of the EU Delegation to the Kyrgyz Republic, Email: delegation-kyrgyzstan-human-rights-defenders@eeas.europa.eu

Please also write to diplomatic representations of Kyrgyzstan in your respective countries.

***

Paris-Geneva, November 7, 2022

Kindly inform us of any action undertaken quoting the code of this appeal in your reply.

The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders (the Observatory) was created in 1997 by FIDH and the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT). The objective of this programme is to intervene to prevent or remedy situations of repression against human rights defenders. FIDH and OMCT are both members of ProtectDefenders.eu, the European Union Human Rights Defenders Mechanism implemented by international civil society.

To contact the Observatory, call the emergency line:
E-mail: Appeals@fidh-omct.org
Tel FIDH: + 33 (0) 1 43 55 25 18
Tel OMCT: + 41 (0) 22 809 49 39

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