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CAT status Status under the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment State Party since 7 September, 2000. State Party to the Optional Protocol to the Convention (OPCAT) since 23 September, 2016
Reviewed 2011 Read review


At a glance

Ghana is known the repression of LGBTIQ+ individuals. Ghanaian legislation criminalises same-sex relations and in 2020 and 2021, there were several reports alleging hate speech and violence against the LGBTIQ+ community and its activists.

Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the government introduced the Imposition of the Restrictions Bill, which severely restricted the rights to freedom of movement and peaceful assembly. Other violations of human rights include censorship and abuse of journalists, violence against women, children and persons with disabilities, extrajudicial killings by the government and reports of rampant corruption. Although the government passed the Right to Information Bill in 2019 to address these allegations, the impunity of State officials remains a problem.

Prison conditions in the country continue to deteriorate with rampant overcrowding and unsanitary conditions. However, in 2021, the president pardoned several prisoners to prevent the spread of the Covid-19 virus. In the last decade, the president has also commuted the death sentence of some inmates in accordance with the Convention against Torture.

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