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Under the leadership of President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasago, who has dominated all branches of the government since 1979, Equatorial Guinea has witnessed a gradual deterioration in the protection of human rights. The corruption and impunity of State officials have created conditions for the excessive use of force by the police, restrictions on the freedom of expression, lack of public access to information and violence and discrimination against the LGBTIQ+ individuals.
During the Covid-19 pandemic, citizens reported excessive use of force by police officers and the military against those who did not respect restrictions. Allegations of sexual harassment and the rape of women by the military have also been rampant. While the government has addressed alleged misconduct on the part of the police, impunity for the military has been a significant problem. Corruption and embezzlement remain widespread in the country.