Annual Report 2022


Following its 2021 report The Torture Roads, the OMCT’s Working Group on Migration and Torture in Africa has continued documenting human rights violations against migrants at borders and detention facilities across the continent and worked for their protection.

In this regard an online advocacy meeting was organised with the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants with 30 civil society organisations (CSOs) from the continent. The Group also monitored the death of over 23 migrants at the Morocco and Spain border and called for investigations. After two years of documentation, the Group joined other NGOs to submit a complaint against the Republic of Niger before the Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Court of Justice for the violation of migrants’ rights on its territory.

Millions dream of a better future, only a few make it to their destination

Death in the desert or at sea, arrest, forced prostitution, extorsion, these are some of the many obstacles on the journey out of Africa.

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"That was the last time I saw my brother"

In 2022, within its Libya programme, the OMCT released a comprehensive report That was the last time I saw my brother detailing the rampant extrajudicial and unlawful killings of migrants taking place in Libya. The OMCT’s partner – the Libyan Anti-Torture Network (LAN) – contributed to this report through its documentation of the unlawful killing of a total of 118 migrants in indiscriminate attacks, trafficking hubs, and detention facilities operated by the Department for Combatting Illegal Migration (DCIM) in all four regions of the country.

600 migrants arrested and detained

600 migrants have been arrested and detained in front of the UNHCR Office in Tripoli, but this is not all. Here are some our findings on the serious human rights violations in Libya in 2022.

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Discover Zakaria's migration journey to Libya

In 2022, the LAN further contributed to detailed surveys commissioned by the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants and the Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons, providing valuable insights into the dire situation faced by migrants in Libya. Additionally, the LAN strongly advocated against severe and systematic violations of the rights of migrants in Libya.