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Seychelles has been a party to the Convention against Torture since 1992 and has yet to sign and ratify its Optional Protocol. However, there is no explicit prohibition and definition of torture in domestic law.
In 2020, elections brought to power the ruling opposition candidate, Wavel Ramkalawan, for the first time since democratic elections were introduced in 1993. The Republic of Seychelles is a small island State that faces many challenges, such as human trafficking. In 2018, the Committee against Torture regretted the lack of effective investigations and the corruption of public officials involved in the trafficking of young girls for sexual exploitation. The judicial system is also corrupt and inefficient.
The incarceration rate remains high, with prisons plagued by a climate of violence and inadequate care for detained women and minors.
Foreign workers fuel the country's economy yet they are subject to abuse and discrimination, live in poor conditions and are paid less than local workers or not paid at all, which amounts to forced labour. Additionally, Seychelles has no national legal asylum framework regarding refugee status determination and non-refoulement.